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1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer: An In-Depth Look at Its Role in Cosmetics

Article last updated: June 12, 2024

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Ever wondered what makes your favorite skincare products so effective? Dive into the fascinating world of 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer and discover its transformative role in cosmetics, from its creation to its myriad benefits and potential side effects.

What is 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer?

1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer is a synthetic ingredient commonly found in various cosmetic products. This copolymer is a combination of three primary components: 1,4-butanediol, succinic acid, and adipic acid. Each of these components brings unique properties to the table, making the copolymer a versatile ingredient in the cosmetic industry. It is also known by other names, such as Poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate), reflecting its chemical composition.

The history of 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer in cosmetics is relatively recent, as advancements in polymer chemistry have allowed for the development of more specialized and functional ingredients. Initially, these types of copolymers were explored for their potential in biodegradable plastics and other industrial applications. However, their unique properties, such as flexibility and mild abrasiveness, soon caught the attention of cosmetic formulators.

The production of this copolymer involves a polymerization process where 1,4-butanediol, succinic acid, and adipic acid are chemically reacted under controlled conditions. This process results in a long-chain molecule that combines the beneficial properties of each component. The resulting copolymer is then purified and processed into a form that can be easily incorporated into cosmetic formulations.

The Benefits/Uses of 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer

In this section, we will delve into the officially recognized cosmetic benefits and uses of 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer:


One of the primary benefits of 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer is its function as an abrasive. In the world of cosmetics, abrasives are used to exfoliate the skin by removing dead skin cells and other impurities from the surface. This can lead to smoother, more radiant skin. When incorporated into products like facial scrubs, body washes, or exfoliating masks, this copolymer helps to gently polish the skin, enhancing its texture and appearance.

Note: the listed benefits above are exclusively based on the officially recognized and defined functions of the ingredient, as documented by the International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI).

Potential Side Effects & Other Considerations

1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer is generally considered safe for use in cosmetic products. However, as with any ingredient, it is important to be aware of potential side effects and other considerations.

  • Skin irritation
  • Redness
  • Dryness
  • Allergic reactions

Regarding individuals who are pregnant or breastfeeding, data and research on the topical usage of 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer during pregnancy is lacking. Therefore, it is recommended that they consult a healthcare professional for further advice.

Adverse reactions to this ingredient are relatively uncommon. However, it is always a good practice to conduct a patch test before widespread usage to ensure that your skin does not react negatively to the product.

On a comedogenicity scale of 0 to 5, 1,4-Butanediol/Succinic Acid/Adipic Acid Copolymer is rated as a 1, meaning it is very unlikely to clog pores. This makes it a suitable option for individuals who are prone to acne, blemishes, or breakouts.

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